Simon Stevens, the Chief Executive Officer of NHS England recently proposed an innovative new model of care which will integrate general practice and hospital services in order to provide more tailored, consistent and continuous patient care.
This new system would replace the traditional segregated approach to healthcare which saw gp services being provided independent of most specialist hospital services.
New model of Primary Care
The new model of primary care would include the establishment of a number of GP surgeries in hospitals. General Practitioners will also be encouraged to set up group practices serviced by both GPs and hospital consultants. This model could have a positive impact on healthcare as patients would receive holistic care because various specialists can deliberate on the right treatment to administer.
Moreover, NHS England has highlighted that the model would not be implemented using a national strategy as GPs in rural and urban areas would have the discretion to adopt and tailor the model to suit the needs of their patients. This is a wise move as one size fits all NHS strategies have not been successful in the past.
However, this new model could also bring about a number of challenges. Firstly, there is currently a noteworthy shortage of GPs. What’s more, over 500 surgeries may be closing as a large number of GPs will be retiring in the near future. This raises the question of where the NHS will find GPs to fill the roles required in the new hospital based surgeries.
Inadequate GP Staff
Additional questions also arise as to why the NHS isn’t training an adequate number of general practitioners to replace current doctors who will soon meet retirement age. One of the suggested reasons for the decline in general practitioners is that many medical students shun this area of medicine in favour of other specialities.
If this is the case, the NHS needs to implement initiatives that will incentivise medical students to become general practitioners. Perhaps additional medical students should also be trained as general practice is not the only speciality that is suffering due to shortages. It is evident that major changes are needed in the NHS to cope with the challenges that are currently being faced.
Dr Maureen Baker, Chairman of the RCGP, stated that GPs do not have adequate resources to meet demands for patient care especially if we experience an aggressive winter. On a positive note, Simon Stevens has pledged supplementary primary care funds to cope with demand.
On the issue of resources, the question of whether the general practitioners will be responsible for managing the financial resources of the proposed GP surgeries is also important. It will be interesting to see how the management teams will be established and organised. There hasn’t been much mentioned in regards to the employment of business management professionals. While patient care is the main priority it is also important to ensure that healthcare is provided in a cost effective manner so as to minimise waste and maintain effective management of healthcare facilities to minimise the impact on taxpayers.
The government has proposed opening GP surgeries on evenings and weekends. If this initiative is implemented the new primary care model will have to cope with the demands of providing an extended service.
Moreover, there has already been significant negative feedback in regards to the new model. Many hospitals are not situated in central locations and patients are therefore concerned about how they will access the new surgeries. One of the benefits of current surgeries is the fact that they are situated in locations that are easily accessible to local residents.
It’s clear that major reforms are required in General Practice. The solution opposed by NHS Health is an innovative approach that may have a positive impact on healthcare as it will be delivered in a more integrated consistent manner. However, this new initiative will face a number of challenges during its implementation due to the climate it will be executed in; plagued by GP shortages, surgery closures and inadequate funding.